Medicinal & aromatic species

Aloe vera
Perennial succulent, adapted to poor soils, used in medicines/cosmetics

Planting season

Year round (except extreme heat/cold)

Planting

37,000 plants/ha with a planting distance of 0.6m x 0.45ms

Economics
Leaves can be harvested one year after planting with a yield of 525 quintals/ha.The net returns are Rs 50,000/ha

Bacopa monnieri
Annual, entire plant medicinally useful as memory enhancer

Planting season

Monsoon

Planting

1,35,000 plants/acre with a planting distance of 0.15m x 0.2m

Economics
300 qq/ha of fresh herb and 60q/ha of dry herb can be obtained.Net income of Rs.1,65,000/ha can be expected

Centella asiatica
Annual, leaves used in medicinal preparations for memory enhancement

Planting season

Spring

Planting

45,000 plants/acre with a spacing of 0.3 m x 0.3 m

Economics
Harvesting can be started three months from planting with a yield of 5.5 tonnes fresh herb or 2 tonnes dry herb (20 kg asiaticoside)/ha

Chlorophytum borivilianum
Perennial, root tubers find medicinal use as revitalizers

Planting season

Monsoon

Planting

With a spacing of 8'' x 8 '', about 450 kgs(1,00,000 nos.) of planting material is required

Economics
On an average this crop gives a yield of 20-30 quintals of wet musli per acre.After peeling and drying 4-4.5 qunitals dry musli (Rs.1800-3000/kg) is finally obtained.

Swertia chirata
Annual, entire plant has medicinal value for fever, skin diseases & asthma

Planting season

Spring

Planting

27,000 plants/ha at a spacing of 0.6 m x 0.6 m

Economics
Harvesting can be done 6-8 months after planting.Net returns are Rs.300-400/kg

Artemisia spp.
Annual/perennial shrub with fragrant leaves used in perfumery

Planting season

Spring/early autumn

Planting

55,000 plants/ha at a spacing of 0.3m x 0.6 m

Economics
The leaves are harvested after 4 months.The yield is 30 tonnes/ha with 10-12 kg oil/ha

Pelargonium spp.
Annual, leaves used for extraction of aromatic oils

Planting season

Monsoon

Planting

20,000 plants/ha at a spacing of 0.5m x 1 m

Economics
The leaves can be harvested 6-8 months after planting with a yield of 8 kg oil/ha.Crops can be harvested in the subsequent 2-3 years also with yields ranging from 8-18 kg/ha

Pogostemon cablin
Annual, leaves used for extraction of aromatic essential oils

Planting season

April- September (irrigation) and June-September (rain-fed)

Planting

12000-15000 plants/acre with a spacing of 0.6 m x 0.6 m

Economics
Average three harvests per year for 3 years.The yield of green leaves is 55-66 q/ac/year and that of dry leaves 10-12 q/ac/year.Oil recovery @3.75 kg/q of dry leaves is 37.5 to 45 kg per acre/year.The net income from dry leaves is Rs 9.50/kg and that from oil is 350.00/kg

Vanilla planifolia
Perennial, fruits widely used for flavoring food and beverages

Planting season

May-June

Planting

3000 plants/ha at a planting distance of 1.25m x 2.5 m (app 3200 plants) or 1.5 m x 3 m (app.222 plants)

Economics
The pods can be harvested from third year after planting upto 15 years with net returns of Rs.39,20,000/ha after 15 years.At a minimum price of Rs 150 for one kg,a year's income comes up to Rs 75,000 per acre

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