Vegetable & fruit Crops

Allium ampeloprasum (Leek)
Exotic vegetable, similar to onion, used in salads

Planting season

Spring

Planting

Approximately 6 lakh plants/ha with a spacing of 15 cm x 10 cm

Economics
The yield is 30-40 tons/ha 90 to 115 days after transplanting.At prevailing market prices the net return is Rs 3 lakh/ha

Asparagus spp. (Asparagus)
Variety: Mary Washington
Exotic vegetable, with edible spikes

Planting season

Spring

Planting

3000 plants/acre.The rows are spaced at about 1.5-2 meters and 40 to 60 cm distance is kept within rows.

Economics
Asparagus comes in to production after 3rd year of cultivation and continues to give crop upto 15 year.The yield can go up to 3.3 t/ha.The cost benefit ratio is 1:1:2 in the establishment period and 1:4:3 in subsequent seven years.Yield plantation in full harvest is on an average about 3500 to 4000 kg/ha every year.

Carica papaya (Papaya)
Variety: CO 7
Annual tropical fruit, raw fruit used for papain production

Planting season

Monsoon

Planting

1000 plants /ha with a spacing of 2.5 to 4 metres

Economics
The plant starts flowering within 6 months and yield can continue up to 3 years.Yield can range from 30-50 tonnes/acre

Fragaria ananassa (Strawberry)
Variety: Chandler
Exotic popular fruit, commonly used for flavouring food & beverages

Planting season

Mid September - October in the North Indian Plains

Planting

55,000 /ha with a spacing of 0.3 m x 0.6 m

Economics
A net profit of Rs.3.35 lakhs/ha by taking an average market price of Rs 50/- per kg of strawberry fruit

Musa spp. (Banana)
Perennial, tropical fruit, used as food

Planting season

Year-round (except in extreme heat or cold)

Planting

2500 plants/ha at a spacing of 2m x 2m

Economics
Harvesting of banana is done 15 to 18 months after planting.Yield can range from 15-25 tonnes/ha

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