Agro-forestry species

Dendrocalamus asper
Huge, gigantic clumper, non-invasive. Grows to high altitudes and so can withstand some degrees of frost. Cultivated in many parts of SE Asia for its edible shoots, construction, and craft. The large culms are also used as outriggers on fishing boats.

Planting season
Monsoon

Planting
400 plants/ha with a spacing of 5m x 5m

Economics
In India, the demand is increasing steadily and India is to commence a Rs. 105 crore industry by 2005. Taiwan's annual bamboo shoot exports already exceed $ 50 million.


Anogeissus latifolia
Deciduous tree valued for fuelwood and fodder

Planting season

Spring/monsoon

Planting

1000 plants/ha with a spacing of 3m x 3m

Economics
Tissue cultured plants are roughly 1.5 times in height as compared to control.

Anogeissus pendula
A slow growing multipurpose tree of arid regions

Planting season
Spring/monsoon

Planting

1000 plants/ha with a spacing of 3m x 3m

Economics

Tissue cultured plants were upto 21% taller than the control

Bambusa bambos
Densely tufted, used as raw material for pulp and paper

Planting season
Monsoon

Planting
400 plants / hectare with a spacing of 5m x 5m

Economics
Harvesting of culms can be done after 3-4 years.Above ground biomass from a 3 -year-old plantation is estimated to be about 8527 kg/ha

Dendrocalamus strictus
Solid bamboo, used for a variety of purposes

Planting season
Monsoon

Planting

400 plants/ha with a spacing of 5m x 5m

Economics
Harvesting of culms can be done after 3-4 years.It is of use in the paper industry .Annual yield is 1.67 tonnes/ha

Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Evergreen semi-hardwood tree, with very rapid growth rate, used as timber

Planting season
Spring/monsoon

Planting

400/ha with a spacing of 5m x 5m

Economics
They can coppice well for six or more rotations.Annual wood yields can range from 17-30 m 3/ha .The fuel value of the wood is 4,800 kcal/ha

Eucalyptus citriodora
Evergreen tree, leaves yield a lemon-scented oil for perfumery

Planting season
Spring/monsoon

Planting

400 /ha with a spacing of 5m x 5m

Economics
For oil extraction,trees are not allowed to mature to the timber stage.Instead,they are lopped for the foliage;sucker shoots produce copious foliage.A 8-year coppice produces 20 tonnes /ha/year,with the oil yield working out to 100 kg.The essential oil from this species commands a good price in the international market

Eucalyptus tereticornis
Varieties: 348, 360, 2116, T1, T2

Evergreen, semi-hardwood tree used for construction & in paper manufacture

Planting season
Spring/monsoon

Planting
400/ha with a spacing of 5m x 5m

Economics
The tissue cultured plants were taller than control by 12-35%;also their GBH was upto 17% higher than the conventionally raised plants.Harvesting can be started from the seventh year.

Leucaena spp.
Multipurpose, deciduous, nitrogen-fixing tree

Planting season
Monsoon

Planting
9000 plants/ha with a spacing of 1m x 1m

Economics
Net income/ha after 4 years is Rs.36,000(when sold as fuelwood).When sold as poles,the net income is Rs.3 lakh/ha after 4 years

Paulownia fortunei
Deciduous, semi hardwood, fast-growing tree, used as timber

Planting season
Spring/monsoon

Planting
500/ha with a spacing of 5m x 4m

Economics
Harvesting can be undertaken after 7-8 years.A minimum net profit of Rs 8 lakhs/ha is expected

Populus deltoides
Varieties: G3 & G48

Deciduous, soft wood, used as raw material by paper and pulp industries

Planting season
Spring

Planting
For agro-forestry 400 plants/ha . at a spacing of 5m x 5m or 1000 plants/ha as pure plantations with a spacing of 3m x 3m

Economics
A rotation period of 7-8 years yields

No image Populus euphratica
Deciduous, soft wood, drought and salinity resistant, suitable for timber.

Planting season
Spring

Planting
400 plants/ha at a spacing of 5m x 5m.

Economics
Being drought and salinity resistant,it can be used for reclamation and afforestation of marginal lands.








 

 

 

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